If you have just entered the world of cannabis, you may think that marijuana and hashish are two interchangeable words that are used to describe the same. But they are not. Next, we show you the differences.
WHAT IS MARIHUANA?
Marijuana refers to dried cannabis. In most parts of the world, marijuana is composed of cannabis flowers that have dried and cured, and are ready to smoke, vaporize, cook or become some kind of concentrate. In some areas of the world (such as South America and Southeast Asia, for example), you can still find “marijuana bricks”, which usually contains buds, stems, leaves and seeds, all compressed in a hard, dark block.
There are many varieties of cannabis, and all produce unique effects. Cannabis growers have been raising and manipulating these strains since the 1980s, to produce unique varieties with different aromas, flavors, and effects. Sativa varieties tend to produce a more stimulating energizing effect, while indica varieties are considered to produce more relaxing and calming effects. But you have to keep in mind that the effects of a strain are reduced to its chemical composition, not to its genetic lineage.
WHAT IS HACHIS?
Hashish (or hash), on the other hand, refers to a cannabis extract that is made by separating the resin from the buds (and/or sugar leaves). There are many different ways to make hashish, but they all involve separating the trichomes and pressing them in the form of a block, ball, cylinder or coin. The result is a strong concentrate with a unique taste and effects.
Some of the most traditional forms of hashish come from Afghanistan, Morocco, and India. Afghan and Moroccan hashish was traditionally made by passing dry cannabis through fine sieves. The soft friction action separates the trichomes from the dried plant material to make kief, which is then heated and pressed to produce blocks of dark, creamy and very powerful hashish.
In India, on the other hand, hashish is produced differently. There, fresh cannabis buds are picked and rubbed between the hands. Heat and friction cause the trichomes to separate from the plant material present and create a thick, dark resin that sticks to the hands. This then turns into balls and is sold as charas.
Among the other forms of hashish, we can find rosin, bubble hash and BHO, these last two extracted through solvents.
HOW IS HACHIS AND MARIHUANA DIFFERENT?
Now that you understand the difference between hashish and marijuana, here is a brief description of their differences in terms of preparation, taste, effects, potency, and consumption.
Marijuana is prepared by growing feminized cannabis plants, it is expected to flourish, preventing them from being pollinated by males, and their buds are harvested when they are at maximum maturity. Today, most marijuana plants are grown indoors, using specific lights, ventilation systems, and fertilizers to help maximize the ability to produce resin from a female cannabis plant.
After approximately 8-12 weeks of flowering (depending on the strain), the female plants are cut and the buds are dried for about two weeks, before placing them in jars for a cure. This process is vital because it helps buds ripen and maximize potency and taste.
Hashish can be prepared in many ways, but they all involve separating the trichomes from cannabis buds and joining them together. The simplest and traditional ways of making hashish are those used in Morocco and India (which we have mentioned before). Rosin, on the other hand, is made by pressing cannabis flowers with a hot press or hair straightener to extract a very potent golden resin. On the other hand, ice water and manual agitation are needed to make bubble hash to separate the trichomes, and for the BHO butane is used.
There is a big difference in the taste of marijuana and hashish. While marijuana tends to have fresher, herbal and sometimes fruity flavors and aromas, hashish tends to be complex, rich and spicy. Keep in mind that the flavors of hashish and marijuana will vary according to the strain that has been used to create them. The taste of hashish also varies greatly depending on the way in which it was made.
Hashish is much more potent than marijuana. Most cannabis varieties in the current market produce between 15 and 30% THC. As hashish is made by combining a huge amount of trichomes, it can reach powers of 40, 50 or even 60%. Again, the exact potency of marijuana or hashish will vary depending on one strain or another, and will also depend on the method of preparation used to make hashish. Today, BHO is the most powerful type of hashish, reaching more than 90% THC.
This is where marijuana and hashish have more things in common. Both can be smoked, vaporized or added to groceries. But weed flowers can be used to make concentrates and not hashish.